Periodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating diseases that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, jawbone, and periodontal ligament. Periodontists are dental specialists who undergo additional years of training after dental school to specialize in periodontics.
At Sun-Park Dental, our main goal in practicing periodontics is to maintain the health of the gums and supporting structures to ensure the long-term stability and function of the teeth. Periodontists diagnose and treat various forms of gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. This includes gingivitis and periodontitis. Treatment may involve non-surgical methods such as scaling and root planing, gum grafting, or pocket reduction surgery.
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a common condition affecting the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Gum disease is caused by bacteria found in plaque and tartar buildup in the mouth. Plaque is a colorless film that forms on the teeth and along the gum line when foods containing carbohydrates are consumed. When left on the teeth, the bacteria in the plaque produce acids that destroy the tooth enamel and cause cavities.
If left untreated, the plaque will harden into tartar. Tartar can only be removed by a dentist or hygienist using professional cleaning instruments. Once it’s removed, your teeth can go back to looking healthy again!
The Symptoms of Gum Disease
The symptoms of gum disease vary from person to person and depend on the severity of the disease. Some people with mild cases of gum disease may experience minor irritation or bleeding of the gums when they brush their teeth. In more severe cases of the disease, patients may experience the loosening of teeth or even tooth loss. Gum disease may also lead to other health problems like diabetes or heart disease. This is why it is important to have regular dental checkups so that our dentist can detect signs of the disease early.
Treatment for Periodontal Disease
Professional Dental Cleaning
Our dental professional will thoroughly clean the teeth and gums to remove plaque and tartar buildup. This procedure, called scaling and root planing, reaches below the gum line to eliminate bacteria and toxins.
Advanced cases of gum disease may require surgical intervention. Surgical procedures such as flap surgery, pocket reduction surgery, or bone grafting aim to remove diseased tissue, reduce pocket depths, and regenerate lost bone and gum tissue.
If gum recession has occurred, a gum grafting procedure may be performed. This involves taking tissue from another area of the mouth or using synthetic materials to cover exposed tooth roots and restore gum tissue.
Laser-assisted periodontal therapy may be an alternative or adjunct to traditional gum disease treatment. It involves using laser energy to remove infected tissue, promote healing, and reduce pocket depths.
Regular periodontal maintenance visits are necessary to monitor the progress of gum disease and maintain gum health. Visit dentist Rocklin, CA at Sun-Park Dental at 5400 Park Dr Suite 100, Rocklin, CA 95765, or call (916) 435-1155 for the best dental care.