The last teeth or third molars that erupt within the mouth, at approximately 17 to 19 years of age is the wisdom teeth. Some might get it early or late, as well. If they get appropriately aligned and gum tissue is healthy, then the wisdom teeth don't need to be removed. But unfortunately, this doesn't gradually happen. The extraction of wisdom teeth is necessary when they are unable to erupt within the mouth properly.
Symptoms for the impacted wisdom teeth
The wisdom teeth due to lack of eruption or partial eruption can produce various symptoms and issues that might require medical attention. It includes infection in the neighboring bone and soft tissue, agony, and headaches, decay or cavities of a tooth, erosion into the second molars. It also includes shifting of adjacent teeth, bleeding of the gums, cyst formation surrounding the wisdom tooth, bone invading, or encompassing adjacent teeth.
Removal of wisdom teeth
The dentist removes the wisdom teeth surgically, determining its position and stage of development. An oral pre-extraction exam will be conducted before the extraction. If the wisdom tooth gets fully erupted through the gum, then it gets easier to extract just like any other tooth. But, if it's beneath the gums also embedded in the jawbone, then it requires an incision into the gums. This is for the removal of the part of the bone that lies over the tooth.
Whenever a tooth gets in such a situation, the tooth is then extracted in little sections instead of getting removed in just one piece. The amount of the bone to be removed will be lessened for the tooth extraction.
The wisdom teeth removal surgery
Your dentist will use sedation to make you feel drowsy. Then he will surgically cut your gums or bone to extract the teeth, and he will stitch the wound. They will get dissolved in a few days. Some gauze pads may also be stuffed in your mouth to absorb some of the blood.
Postoperative steps to be followed
There are some necessary steps to be kept in mind for recovery:
- The patients are suggested to take antibiotics and pain medicine as prescribed by the dentist.
- Patients are advised to depend on a soft diet for a while.
- Apply ice on the sides of the face as it will help to curb pain and swelling.
- Feeling of discomfort can be aided by just rinsing with some warm saltwater.
- Avoid using straws while drinking as that may loosen blood clots that help in healing.
- Do not smoke as it slows down healing.
- Visit your dentist if you feel any discomfort or sickness.
Find out more about wisdom teeth as you visit our office. Call Sun-Park Dental today at (916) 435-1155 or request an appointment online.